Grouper in Costa Rica
Groupers belong to the family Serranidae, in the order Perciformes.
There are numerous types of grouper present all over the world. In the tropical and subtropical areas, black and yellowfin groupers are the most common type. They are present in western Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Mexico and Costa Rica. On your Costa Rican water, venture out to sail the Pacific ocean and look for a grouper!
Groupers are teleosts. They have a large, oblong body and a huge mouth which helps them to swallow the prey. Their mouths also help them to dig into sand to create shelters among heavy rocks. Groupers do have a few teeth present but tooth plates in the pharynx are more useful for crushing food. The yellowfin grouper are green, olive or bright red in color with dark spots on the entire body. Black grouper is grey or olive in color with black blotches and spots all over the body. Their sizes and weight vary from type to type. Fishing reports have shown lengths up to 3 meters and weight up to 250 kg! Their average life span is up to 30 years.
Dietary Habits of Groupers
Groupers are carnivorous species. They prey on other smaller fish species like snappers, wrasses, parrotfish, and damselfishes as well as on octopuses, crustaceans, lobster, crab and even sharks! Young groupers usually eat zoo plankton, algae and other tiny organisms. Some of the groupers are active predators while others are more into ambushing their prey.
Groupers are flourishing in every ocean of the world. Their living style varies from species to species. Younger groupers tend to live incoastal waters associated with tide pools and beds of sea grass. They move to coral reefs as they grow mature. Groupers are loners and it is rare to see them in a pack except during the breeding season.
Grouper – Where to Find in Costa Rica
The nutrient rich marine ecosystem of Costa Rican ocean means lots of groupers! They are found in hundreds of areas such as Manuel Antonio, Quepos, Osa Peninusla, Nicoya Peninsula, Drake Bay, Tamarindo, Bay Pines, Jaco Beach and the list goes on.